Openness in Five-Factor Model
The five-factor model of personality is a trait-based taxonomy of personality dimensions based on the lexical hypothesis: the belief that over time natural language accrues terms that have adaptive significance. It is one of the most widely used personality tests in the workplace.1
Openness to experience (or simply openness) is a basic personality trait denoting receptivity to new ideas and new experiences. People with high levels of openness are more likely to seek out a variety of experiences, be comfortable with the unfamiliar, and pay attention to their inner feelings more than those who are lower on the trait. They tend to exhibit high levels of curiosity and often enjoy being surprised.
Those with low levels of openness prefer familiar routines, people, and ideas and can be perceived as closed-minded. Openness is positively correlated with creativity—those who are particularly open to experience have been shown to have more active imaginations and a greater appreciation for aesthetics and beauty—as well as some measures of well-being, including overall happiness.2
As we may notice, Openness in the Big five is an innate dimension includes some traits, we know either it’s there in a personality or not, while Openness in FIRO-B is rather a need that is identified in its different angels (both what we do and what we get from ourselves and from others). This seems to be a wider and practical scope of tackling Openness that helps individuals and teams of exerting efforts to enhance their level of openness.
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